Medicines are the substantial current treatments offered to NHS patients. A pharmacist is an authority in medicines and their performance. Their knowledge of medicines and the impression they have on the human body is demanding for the successful administration of every type of medical position.
Knowledge Assessment of Pharmaceutical Sciences
(Foreign Pharmacy Graduate Equivalency Examination)
Definition of a Foreign Pharmacy Graduate
The FPGEC defines a “foreign pharmacy graduate” as a pharmacist whose undergraduate pharmacy degree was conferred by a recognized school of pharmacy outside of the 50 United States, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. US citizens who have completed their pharmacy education outside the US are considered to be “foreign pharmacy graduates,” while foreign nationals who have graduated from schools in the US are not.
NABP provides the FPGEC Exam Certification Program to document the educational equivalency of a candidate’s foreign pharmacy education, as well as their license and/or registration to practice pharmacy. To achieve FPGEC Certification, candidates must:
The FPGEC Certificate allows foreign graduates to partially fulfill eligibility requirements for licensure in the states that require the Certification
The FPGEC requires that if you graduated prior to January 1, 2003, you must have completed at least a
four-year pharmacy curriculum at the time of graduation. If you graduated on or after January 1, 2003, you must have completed at least a five-year pharmacy curriculum at the time of graduation. The change from a four-year to five-year educational curriculum requirement has enabled the FPGEC Certification Program to be consistent with the revised standards of US pharmacy school curriculum.
The 250 questions on the FPGEE Exam are divided among four content areas:
The FPGEE Blueprint offers in-depth information about the four content areas covered on the test.
You must receive a scaled score of 75 or higher on the FPGEE Exam to be eligible for FPGEC Certification.
Exam RegistrationThe FPGEE is administered by Pearson VUE at its Pearson Professional Centers (PPCs) in the continental US. The FPGEE is not available at PPCs in Alaska or Hawaii.
Two test dates are offered each year; one in the spring and one in the fall. Current dates are available on the NABP website. Only those candidates who have been accepted by the FPGEC to sit for the FPGEE will be allowed to register for the examination. You will be given the opportunity to take the test on one of two consecutive testing opportunities
FPGEE Exam Results
The minimum acceptable passing score on the FPGEE is a 75. The score is a scaled, equated score. It is not a tally of the number of questions answered correctly, nor is it a percentage score. It is equated to ensure that any difference in the difficulty of questions on a particular form of the FPGEE will not affect the scaled score you receive, and that your scaled score will not be influenced by the scores of other candidates who take the same examination at the same time you do. The range of possible scaled scores on the FPGEE is between 1 and 150.Score reports for candidates who receive a failing score on the PGEE will include a diagnostic report, which indicates their relative performance in each major competency area. Because of the secure nature of the FPGEE, no further review of the test questions is allowed.
Effective January 1, 2012, your FPGEE score will be valid for five years from the date of the examination. Candidates who do not complete the FPGEC Certification process before their FPGEE score expires will be required to retake the FPGEE if they wish to pursue certification in the future. The five-year validity period of an FPGEE score applies to current candidates who have already passed the FPGEE but have not obtained their FPGEC Certificate. For example, a passing score on the December 6, 2009 FPGEE is valid until December 6, 2014
For more information Visit http://www.nabp.net/programs/examination/fpgee
The NAPLEX is a 185-question computer-based examination that uses adaptive test technology to deliver a mixture of selected-response and constructed-response test questions. Of the 185 delivered questions, 150 are operational and will be used to calculate your test score. The remaining 35 questions are pretest questions and will not count toward your NAPLEX score. Pretest questions are included on all NAPLEX Exam and are administered to evaluate their appropriateness for possible inclusion in future examinations. The pretest questions are dispersed throughout the examination and cannot be identified by the candidate. The total test time is 4.25 hours. The majority of the questions on the NAPLEX Exam are asked in a scenario-based format (ie, patient profiles/ medical records with accompanying test questions). To properly analyze and answer the questions presented, you must refer to the information provided in the patient profile/medical record. Candidates may be prompted to scroll and navigate these profiles/medical records exhibits in a manner so that all necessary information will not be overlooked to answer the question. Interspersed among these profile-based questions are “stand-alone questions” whose answers are drawn solely from the information provided in the question.
To take the NAPLEX and/or MPJE, candidates must meet the eligibility requirements of the board of pharmacy from which they are seeking licensure. The board will determine your eligibility to take the examinations in accordance with the jurisdiction’s requirements.
Area 1 Ensure Safe and Effective Pharmacotherapy and Health Outcomes (Approximately 67% of Test)
Area 2 Safe and Accurate Preparation, Compounding, Dispensing, and Administration of Medications and Provision of Health Care Products (Approximately 33% of Test)
Exam DesignThe goal of the NAPLEX Examtest design is to measure a candidate’s knowledge and ability as accurately and efficiently as possible. The examination is assembled as you answer questions, using information recorded and computed during the examination to influence the composition of the remainder of the examination. When you respond to computer-selected NAPLEX questions, the adaptive technology will assess your answers and use that information to select your next test question. The computer will then select a question suited to your estimated ability level from the test’s question pool. Your ability level will be estimated from a combination of your responses (right and wrong answers) and the attributes of the questions that you were assigned. The format of the examinations requires that all test questions be answered in the order in which they are presented. You will not be allowed to skip a question or return to a previous question to review your answer. Once you have confirmed an answer choice and moved on to the next question, you cannot return to the previous question to change your answer. The passing scaled score for NAPLEX is 75. The minimum scaled score you can earn is zero and the maximum is 150
The NAPLEX and MPJE are administered by Pearson VUE at its Pearson Professional Centers, which are located in all 50 states, its territories, and the District of Columbia. Jurisdictions Requiring MPJE You must contact the board of pharmacy to confirm whether a specific jurisdiction requires the MPJE. Fortyeight boards require the MPJE for initial licensure, and 48 boards require the examination for license transfer
Temporary Residence Visa
The objectives of the Immigration Act, 2002 (Act No 13 of 2002), which was implemented on 7 April 2003, include:
Facilitating and simplifying the issuance of impermanent residence visas and permanent residence permits.
Promoting financial growth by facilitating foreign investment and attract exceptionally skilled and qualified foreigners to South Africa.Promoting tourism to South Africa.
From time to time the Minister of Home Affairs publishes a Critical Skills list in a Government Gazette. Earlier to submitting an application for a Critical Skills Work Visa, the candidate is required to have his or her foreign qualification(s) translated by a sworn translator into one of the official languages of the Republic and to have such qualification(s) evaluated by the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA). The aspirant is also required to acquire written confirmation(s) from a professional body, council or board recognised by SAQA or any relevant government department confirming the skills or credentials of the applicant and suitable post qualification experience. In the event that any law in South Africa requires of you to be competently pharmacist registration in south africa in order to practice your profession, your application must contain proof of an application made for a certificate of registration with the professional body, council or board recognised by SAQA
The MPJE is a 90-question computer-based examination that uses adaptive technology to deliver selectedresponse test questions. Of the 90 delivered questions, 75 are operational and will be used to calculate your score. The remaining 15 questions are pretest questions and will not count toward your MPJE score. Pretest questions are included on all MPJE examinations and are administered to evaluate their appropriateness for possible inclusion in future examinations. The pretest questions are dispersed throughout the examination and cannot be identified by the candidate. The total testing time for the MPJE is two hours. In cooperation with participating state boards of pharmacy, the MPJE is uniformly developed, administered, and scored under policies and procedures developed by NABP. The content of the MPJE is approved by boards of pharmacy, practitioners, and educators from around the country through their service as MPJE Review Committee members, item writers, and board of pharmacy representatives. All candidates are tested on their mastery of pharmacy law as outlined in the MPJE Competency Statements. Each participating state board of pharmacy approves those questions that are specific to the federal and state laws of the jurisdictions in which candidates are seeking licensure. Candidates must take a separate examination for each state or jurisdiction in which they are seeking licensure. Effective April 15, 2016, the number of MPJE examination items will increase from 90 to 120. Of the 120 items, 100 will be used to produce a score for the MPJE and 20 will be non-scored or pretest items. The increase in the number of questions will ensure testing across all of the content areas. Maximum testing time for the examination will increase from two hours to two and a half hours. The appointment time with the vendor, Pearson VUE, will be three hours to allow for time to read and agree to the confidentially/non-disclosure agreement, tutorial, and post-exam survey. To account for the additional seat time and exam development, the MPJE registration fee will increase from $210 to $250. The MPJE will be assembled under the new competency statements and content area domain allocations. See pages 4-5 for information regarding the fee increase and registration deadlines.
To take the NAPLEX and/or MPJE, candidates must meet the eligibility requirements of the board of pharmacy from which they are seeking licensure. The board will determine your eligibility to take the examinations in accordance with the jurisdiction’s requirements
The MPJE Test Design
The examination is assembled as you answer questions, using information recorded and completed during the examination to influence the composition of the remainder of the examination. When you respond to computer-selected MPJE questions, the adaptive technology will assess your answers and use that information to select your next test question. The computer will then select a question suited to your estimated ability level from the test’s question pool. Your ability level will be estimated from a combination of your responses (right and wrong answers) and the attributes of the questions that you were assigned. The format of the examinations requires that all test questions be answered in the order in which they are presented. You will not be allowed to skip a question or return to a previous question to review your answer. Once you have confirmed an answer choice and moved on to the next question, you cannot return to the previous question to change your answer. The passing scaled score for MPJE is 75.
Area 1 Pharmacy Practice (Approximately 84% of Test)
Area 2 Licensure, Registration, Certification, and Operational Requirements (Approximately 13% of Test)
Area 3 Regulatory Structure and Terms (Approximately 3% of Test)
The NAPLEX and MPJE are administered by Pearson VUE at its Pearson Professional Centers, which are located in all 50 states, its territories, and the District of Columbia. Jurisdictions Requiring MPJE You must contact the board of pharmacy to confirm whether a specific jurisdiction requires the MPJE. Fortyeight boards require the MPJE for initial licensure, and 48 boards require the examination for license transfer.
MPJE Score Results
The MPJE is the means by which boards of pharmacy assess pharmacist licensure candidates’ knowledge of pharmacy jurisprudence. Any other use of individual MPJE scores is inappropriate and is not condoned by NABP. By applying to take the MPJE, you authorize NABP to release your test scores to the designated boards of pharmacy. NABP will forward your MPJE score to the board of pharmacy from which you are seeking licensure unless NABP has withheld, invalidated, or canceled your MPJE score, as described in this Bulletin. By applying to take the MPJE, you authorize NABP to release your test scores to the designated boards of pharmacy. To receive an MPJE test score, you must have completed at least 107 questions on the examination. Candidates completing fewer than 107 questions will not have their scores reported. Candidates who complete at least 107 questions, but fewer than 120 questions, will have a penalty applied and their scores adjusted to reflect the number of questions that remained unanswered. Therefore, it is in the candidate’s best interest to answer all questions presented. The minimum acceptable passing score on the MPJE scale is 75. The passing score reported is not a percentage value. NABP uses a mathematically based weighted scoring system to calculate an ability measure for each examinee. These ability measures are transformed to a reporting scale that ranges from 0 to 100. Scaled scores do not represent the raw number of correct answers and should not be interpreted as such.
NAPLEX/MPJE Score Results
The score is calculated by first determining the candidate’s ability level on the MPJE and then determining whether the score has met the MPJE passing standard. The passing standard has been established by a panel of pharmacy experts and is the same for all candidates for licensure. Candidates will receive a score or an official score report for the MPJE directly from their boards of pharmacy. Because the MPJE is unique to the state or jurisdiction in which you seek licensure, it is not possible to transfer your MPJE score to another state. Note: Only the individual boards of pharmacy have the authority to issue a license to practice pharmacy. The posting by NABP of a passing score on an examination does not constitute a license to practice pharmacy. Boards will not accept examination scores posted online by NABP for purposes of score transfer or obtaining licensure. Online score reports are for candidate use only.
The US H1B visa is a non-immigrant visa that allows US companies to employ foreign workers in specialty occupations that require theoretical or technical expertise in specialized fields such as in architecture, engineering, mathematics, science, and medicine. Under the visa a US company can employ a foreign worker for up to six years.
Applying for a non-immigrant visa is generally quicker than applying for a US Green Card, therefore the H-1B visa is popular for companies wishing to bring in staff for long-term assignment in the US.
Individuals are not able to apply for an H1B visa to allow them to work in the US. The employer must petition for entry of the employee. H1B visas are subject to annual numerical limits. US employers can begin applying for the H-1B visa six months before the actual start date of the visa. Employers can apply as soon as April 2, 2012 for the FY 2013 cap, but the beneficiary cannot start work until October 1, 2012.
Current immigration law allows for a total of 85,000 new H-1B visas to be made available each government fiscal year. This number includes 65,000 new H-1B visas issued for overseas workers in professional or specialty occupation positions, and an additional 20,000 visas available for those with an advanced degree from a US academic institution. Once the visa cap has been reached, USCIS will stop accepting H-1B petitions for FY 2013 and will not accept new applications until April 2013.Eligibility
The US H1-B visa is designed to be used for staff in specialty occupations. The job must meet one of the following criteria to qualify as a specialty occupation:
For you to qualify to accept a job offer in a specialty occupation you must meet one of the following criteria:
Positions that are not specialty occupations, or for which the candidate lacks the qualifications/experience for an H1B visa, may be filled using an H-2B visa. Also, applicants that are not eligible for H-1B visas may want to check out the L-1 visa. The L-1 visa a non-immigrant visa which allows companies operating both in the US and abroad to transfer certain classes of employee from its foreign operations to their US operations for up to seven years. The employee must have worked for a subsidiary, parent, affiliate or branch office of your US company outside of the US for at least one year out of the last three years.
The H-1B visa is initially granted for up to three years, but may then be extended to a maximum of six years.
Even though the H-1B visa is a non-immigrant visa, it is one of the few US visa categories recognized as dual intent, meaning the H-1B visa holder can apply for and obtain a US Green Card while in the US on an H-1B visa. If you are still in the US on an H-1B visa and wish to remain in the US for more than six years, you can apply for permanent residency in the US to receive a Green Card. If you do not gain permanent residency prior to the expiration of your H-1B visa, then you must live outside the US for at least one year before reapplying for another H or L visa.
Family & Dependents
H-1B visa holders can bring their spouse and children under 21 years of age to the US under the H4 Visa category as dependents. An H4 Visa holder is allowed to remain in the US as long as the H-1B visa holder remains in legal status. While, an H4 visa holder is not eligible to work in the US, they may attend school, obtain a driver’s license and open a bank account while in the US.